What is TVET and how does it curb poverty?
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah said: “I must emphasis that greater attention should be paid to technical and vocational training.”
Technical-Vocational Education and Training (TVET) skill or training development is about helping people to get the skills that will enable them to get a job, open more ventures, start a business or go on to further education and training. A lot of people can’t continue their formal studies due to poverty and inflation in Pakistan TVET is the best option for them so that they do not waste their life and become in to productive person for family and country. According to the report, nearly 39% of Pakistanis live in multidimensional poverty, with the highest rates of poverty in FATA and Balochistan. However progress across different regions of Pakistan is uneven. Energy, agriculture and human capital are some source of Pakistan’s potentials, which have not yet been sufficiently used due to lack of skilled workforce. Moreover with promoting skilled training through the platform of TVET Pakistan can curb poverty too.
Nearly 17% of the youth in Pakistan complete secondary education and a very small percentage of them acquire employable skills. A major portion of the youth drifts off in to the informal sector and learns various vocational skills through the traditional Ustad-Shagird system. Annually 2.4 million young people enter the job market, but as of 2015 there are only 476,850 places available in the formal, technical and vocational and training (TVET) through 3,581 institutes across Pakistan. Apart from this mismatch between demand and supply even quality and relevance of the training delivered does not match the demands of the job market. To improve the access, quality, equity and relevance of TVET, the government of Pakistan has embarked upon a comprehensive reform in 2011 with the support of European Union and the government of Germany, the Netherlands and Norway. The first phase of the reform which is based on the National Skill Strategy (NSS) has ended in 2016. During this period a number of milestones have been achieved such as National TVET policy, National Vocational Qualifications Framework (NVQF) Competency Based Training (CBT&A) etc.
The second phase of the TVET sector support programme has been launched in January 2017 for another five years. The programme is supported by the European Union, The federal Republic of Germany and The Royal Norwegian Embassy. The overall objective of the programme is to improve governance and private sector participation in the TVET sector in order to increase a quality skills development that meets the demand of the labour market.
On behalf of Technical-Vocational Education & Training Programme in Pakistan (TVET) National level two full days workshop was organized in Murree Shangri-la hotel where 25 journalists from across Pakistan were selected to get training about TVET objectives, strategy and policy so that they further inform and educate the masses about it.